Tooth extraction was the first way that was prescribed of dealing with tooth decay in the past. In the 1800s, a rudimentary tool called a turnkey was used to extract teeth. The procedure was excruciatingly painful as the process had not been perfected. Today, tooth removal requires intricate preparation. It calls for assessing how deeply rooted the tooth is, then deciding on the best way to extract it. There are two ways used, either simple extraction or surgical extraction.
Simple Tooth Extraction
Simple tooth extraction caters to normal tooth extractions. It involves removing teeth that are within the mouth. It is a simple procedure since the teeth are visible. It takes less time and local anesthesia is usually used.
Surgical tooth extraction involves the intricate side of extraction since it is removing teeth that are not visible within the mouth. In this procedure, teeth that broke off at the gum line or those that are still beneath the gum are removed. General anesthesia is at times used to help, though local anesthesia accompanied with other steroids and pain medication can also be used. The dentist extracts the tooth through a small incision and may make the process easier by breaking the tooth in half or removing bit of surrounding bone from the tooth.
Reasons to Extract Teeth
Teeth are generally removed if they have decayed beyond saving. They are also removed if they have been broken through injury. Apart from these common causes teeth will need to be extracted if they are more than they are supposed to be. They are also removed:
- When there is too much damage to the teeth from cancer treatment.
- When baby teeth do not self-extract and the permanent teeth grow on top of them.
- When teeth are in the way of an area of radiation treatment.
- When room needs to be created for resetting of teeth using braces.
Tooth extraction can be a difficult process. When it is, a patient is put on pain medication for 3 to 5 days after treatment, beginning before the effects of the anesthetic has worn off.